(Updated 06.07.2019; added access space details, feature list and first sketch) Surely one of the most complicated area of an underwater structure for human occupation is the habitat entrance. It is the local water-air interface, vulnerable to changes in pressure by tidal movements on the surface of the sea; its hatches have to bare potential pressure differences between the habitat interior and the surrounding water; no object that is only a little bigger than the greatest diameter of the entrance can be brought into the habitat. It is constantly wet and humid and the only gateway for medical assistance. But to see in detail let’s have a look at the different sections of the entrance complex. Continue reading “Habitat Entrance”
(Guest article by user Mike, thanks for contributing) By common definition, Branch & Bound is a mathematical algorithm to solve integer optimization problems. But simplified versions of Branch & Bound are also applied to find best fitting technical solutions manually. It is a useful tool for making fundamental decisions, such as the selection of a synthesis route during the project development of a new chemical factory complex.
In the context of CalamarPark, the design of the underwater habitat is such a fundamental decision: Should it be small or large? To operate at what depth? Ambient or atmospheric pressure? A certain design might be perfect at one location, but only second choice at another. Continue reading “Branch & Bound”
The following article was published by CalamarPark on Wikipedia in German. Feel free to correct grammar mistakes of this translation and publish it on Wikipedia in English. The illustration has also been made available by CalamarPark and is accessible on Wikimedia under the Creative Commons Licence [CC BY-SA 4.0].
HUNUC (abbreviation for Habitat of the University of Natal Underwater Club) was South Africas first underwater laboratory. However, the facility was destroyed shortly after its positioning due to conceptual errors and bad weather conditions. Continue reading “HUNUC”
The danger of excursion divers getting lost have always been a major concern in underwater habitats. According to their webpage the Dive Tracker consists of a sender and a tracker. From a distance of up to 4000ft (≈1300m) divers can easily track the direction of the sender’s signal and return to their safe location. Costs: from 1200USD per set. (Homepage Dive Tracker).
(For English please scroll down) Zur Erinnerung: Ich hatte mich mit Dr. Jim Miller und Ian Koblick auf eine Übersetzung ihres Buches ‘Living and Working in the Sea’ (‘Leben und Arbeiten im Meer‘) ins Deutsche und insbesondere vom anglo-amerikanischen ins metrische Maßsystem geeinigt. Die Übersetzung und erste Durchsicht ist abgeschlossen und alle notwendigen Kontakte geknüpft. Der ursprüngliche Plan, die Veröffentlichung über Crowdfunding zu finanzieren, hat jedoch einen Dämpfer erhalten, weil alle Crowdfunding-Plattformen Projekte aus dem Land, in dem ich seit langer Zeit lebe, nicht akzeptiert. Ich brauche da also eine andere Lösung. Continue reading “Leben und Arbeiten im Meer”
(For English please scroll down) (Update 17.01.) Nachdem wir uns mit Dr. Jim Miller und Ian Koblick auf eine Übersetzung ihres Buches ‘Living and Working in the Sea’ ins Deutsche und insbesondere vom anglo-amerikanischen ins metrische Maßsystem geeinigt haben, können wir nun bekanntgeben, dass die Übersetzung inzwischen abgeschlossen ist. Momentan arbeiten wir an der Durchsicht und hoffen, in Kürze die Veröffentlichung beginnen zu können. Mit letzterem ist innerhalb der nächsten zwei Monate zu rechnen. Continue reading “Living and Working in the Sea”
In this category we would like to list potential “Worst Case Scenarios”, their prevention and handling. “Habitat Flooding” is the first of this series. Others are about to follow.
This chapter aims to find preventions and handling to reduce risks for the case of a habitat flooding. All proposals that may help to improve it are welcome. Continue reading “Worst Case: Habitat Flooding”
Several years ago Benjamin proposed a system of sensors inside the habitat measuring all necessary parameters like oxygen, carbon dioxide etc. and communicating among each other. Last days we talked about it again and found out, that it would still be a good solution. So we decided to publish it here again. Below you find the original thread, translated from German: Continue reading “Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)”
How helpful would it be to have Augmented Reality underwater in a closed environment like an Undersea Station? NASA experimented with Augmented Reality (AR) or Mixed Reality (MR) by using Microsofts HoloLens at the Aquarius Reef Base off the coast of Key Largo, Florida, in late July/August 2015. Potential astronauts used the device for tasks like checking emergency breathing equipment. Therefore they were going through a series of steps ranging from turning valves to finding and plugging in equipment, and setting up equipment to support an undersea robot. Continue reading “Augmented Reality Underwater”
Updated 06.03.2017 – The Digital Data Processing of the station will be of major importance. Beside the conventional functions of the IT systems we should use the opportunity to establish a completely new approach concerning the User Interface (UI) and the system’s interaction with the aquanauts. Continue reading “Undersea Station: Data Processing”
Here is an idea for a porthole where the structure of the underwater station does not allow to install one. For example on the ceiling, where penetrations of the shell should be strictly avoided in order to maintain the integrity of the emergency safety area in the upper part of the living area. The Virtual Porthole would consist of a camera on the exterior of the shell and a TV flat screen on same position inside the habitat. Continue reading “Underwater Station: Virtual Porthole”
Check out Wikipedia for all information about the history of Underwater Habitats. We just finished the preparation for the same article on the German Wikipedia and will continue to add the results of our investigations there.
Image by Wikimedia Foundation
Nachdem wir uns dazu entschieden haben, alle Studien über bisherige Unterwasserstationen in die deutschsprachige Wikipedia einzupflegen, ist nun der Artikel über Geschichte und Technik von Unterwasserstationen soweit abgeschlossen und dort online. In Zukunft werden noch weitere Infos hinzugefügt.
The subject of Interior Design attracted more than 16.000 readers in the Underwater Station Forum on UnderwaterPromotion.com. The contributions are summarized here: Continue reading “Undersea Station: Interior Design”
The first idea for an undersea station developed in 2007 with the opening of the Underwater Station Forum on UnderwaterPromotion.com. In the following 5 years we collected nearly 250 evaluated contributions on 34 subjects. Without counting all hits of bots and search engines we had more than 200.000 interested readers. The page might have been fatally hacked, but all these contributions were not lost. We distilled them and are still publishing the summaries on CalamarPark.com since 2016. Still it is an open-source project and we ask everyone interested in the subject to contribute his ideas and comments via the comment function under each post.
Back in the late ‘80s, NASA was looking for ways to detoxify the air in its space stations. So it conducted a study to determine the most effective plants for filtering the air of toxic agents and converting carbon dioxide to oxygen.See more on GOOD Magazine. Or the corresponding pdf’s:
- ntrs.nasa.gov: Plants Clean Air and Water for Indoor Environments
- ntrs.nasa.gov: Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement
Image: Osmunda Regalis, taken from Wikimedia, Christian Fischer [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)],
The Tektite habitat was an underwater laboratory which was the home to divers during Tektite I and II programs. The Tektite program was the first scientists-in-the-sea program sponsored nationally. The habitat capsule was placed in Great Lameshur Bay, Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands in 1969 and again in 1970. Get all information on Wikipedia.
Ich hab’ alle auftreibbaren Informationen zum Habitat Tektite mit den MIssionen Tektite I (1969), Tektite II (1970) und Minitat auf Wikipedia zusammengetragen, wo sie hoffentlich bis in alle Ewigkeiten abrufbar bleiben. Hier geht’s zum Artikel.
Event though our station is surrounded by water we can not use it for most of our needs. Therefore for some demands we have to establish a sweet water supply. The easiest way is to bring sweet water from the shore and to fill corresponding tanks. Well, what kind of water do we need? Continue reading “Undersea Station: Water Supply”
In 2007 we completed the interactive underwater guide for Kemer/Turkey including the regions Antalya City, Beldibi, Göynük, Kemer, Kiriş, Çamyuva, Tekirova (incl. the Environmental Park ‘3 Islands’) and Adrasan. The project was sponsored by ANEX Tour and Club Magic Life and used on various fairs as a promotion tool for the scuba diving tourism. By being programmed in HTML the guide was compatible with all computer systems. Continue reading “Kemer Underwater Guide”