How helpful would it be to have Augmented Reality underwater in a closed environment like an Undersea Station? NASA experimented with Augmented Reality (AR) or Mixed Reality (MR) by using Microsofts HoloLens at the Aquarius Reef Base off the coast of Key Largo, Florida, in late July/August 2015. Potential astronauts used the device for tasks like checking emergency breathing equipment. Therefore they were going through a series of steps ranging from turning valves to finding and plugging in equipment, and setting up equipment to support an undersea robot. Continue reading “Augmented Reality Underwater”
Updated 06.03.2017 – The Digital Data Processing of the station will be of major importance. Beside the conventional functions of the IT systems we should use the opportunity to establish a completely new approach concerning the User Interface (UI) and the system’s interaction with the aquanauts. Continue reading “Undersea Station: Data Processing”
Here is an idea for a porthole where the structure of the habitat does not allow to install one. For example on the ceiling, where penetrations of the shell should be strictly avoided in order to maintain the integrity of the emergency safety area in the upper part of the living area. The Virtual Porthole would consist of a camera on the exterior of the shell and a TV flat screen on same position inside the habitat. Continue reading “Undersea Station: Virtual Porthole”
To provide food to the Aquanauts might be more difficult than thought concerning changing weather, water/pressureproof transportation, as well as emerging odours and chemical compounds inside the habitats atmosphere. A complete or partial solution could be a meal replacement like Mana. MANA is a balanced food providing all nutrients the human body needs. It comes in the form of drink or powder being produced in Prague. Learn more on their webpage.
To stay in an underwater habitat longer than 12 hours means to stay under saturated conditions, which requires a decompression sequence of at least several hours. This decompression procedure is very critical: if any of aquanauts gets into an emergency situation, there is no way to take him out of the chamber before the sequence is finished. If the procedure is badly designed there is no way to bring a paramedic into the chamber. For the period of several hours the aquanaut would be alone with his companion. Continue reading “Undersea Station: Decompression”
The Calamar Park Document Server is updated. There you will find all kind of relevant images, articles, manuals and reports about underwater stations and related subjects. For access contact Mart by mail.
Check out Wikipedia for all information about the history of Underwater Habitats. We just finished the preparation for the same article on the German Wikipedia and will continue to add the results of our investigations there.
Image by Wikimedia Foundation
Nachdem wir uns dazu entschieden haben, alle Studien über bisherige Unterwasserstationen in die deutschsprachige Wikipedia einzupflegen, ist nun der Artikel über Geschichte und Technik von Unterwasserstationen soweit abgeschlossen und dort online. In Zukunft werden noch weitere Infos hinzugefügt.
The subject of Interior Design attracted more than 16.000 readers in the Underwater Station Forum on UnderwaterPromotion.com. The contributions are summarized here: Continue reading “Undersea Station: Interior Design”
The first idea for an undersea station developed in 2007 with the opening of the Underwater Station Forum on UnderwaterPromotion.com. In the following 5 years we collected nearly 250 evaluated contributions on 34 subjects. Without counting all hits of bots and search engines we had more than 200.000 interested readers. The page might have been fatally hacked, but all these contributions were not lost. We distilled them and are still publishing the summaries on CalamarPark.com since 2016. Still it is an open-source project and we ask everyone interested in the subject to contribute his ideas and comments via the comment function under each post.
Back in the late ‘80s, NASA was looking for ways to detoxify the air in its space stations. So it conducted a study to determine the most effective plants for filtering the air of toxic agents and converting carbon dioxide to oxygen.See more on GOOD Magazine. Or the corresponding pdf’s:
- ntrs.nasa.gov: Plants Clean Air and Water for Indoor Environments
- ntrs.nasa.gov: Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement
Image: Osmunda Regalis, taken from Wikimedia, Christian Fischer [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)],
The Tektite habitat was an underwater laboratory which was the home to divers during Tektite I and II programs. The Tektite program was the first scientists-in-the-sea program sponsored nationally. The habitat capsule was placed in Great Lameshur Bay, Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands in 1969 and again in 1970. Get all information on Wikipedia.
Ich hab’ alle auftreibbaren Informationen zum Habitat Tektite mit den MIssionen Tektite I (1969), Tektite II (1970) und Minitat auf Wikipedia zusammengetragen, wo sie hoffentlich bis in alle Ewigkeiten abrufbar bleiben. Hier geht’s zum Artikel.
Event though our station is surrounded by water we can not use it for most of our needs. Therefore for some demands we have to establish a sweet water supply. The easiest way is to bring sweet water from the shore and to fill corresponding tanks. Well, what kind of water do we need? Continue reading “Undersea Station: Water Supply”
Together with the popular MARES Diving Center of IWM of Dieter Heinz in Antalya/Turkey we decided in 2006 to construct a simple diving bell for touristic purposes in a depth of appr. 9m. This diving bell would serve as an advertisement carrier, sales tool and later as a decompression stop bell if successfully positioned. It should last for at least two years being removed during six winter months. As a design we wanted the construction to follow the shape of a jelly fish and to look a bit futuristic. After agreeing and drawing the final design we calculated costs of 1000 € which included the umbrella, the skeleton, the counterweights and the working force. Continue reading “Diving Bell ‘Medusa’”
Growing plants in the undersea station will be very difficult. But the experiment below brought the following question to my mind: If the site of the station would be the Mediterranean, which is a subtropical environment, then the main season would be the summertime. During that period many crops would not grow due to sunlight intensity and heat. The project in the video might be an alternative to use the seawater as a light filter and cooling medium. Would it be worth to investigate?
(Updated 06.07.2016) PROJECT UNDERSEA STATION aims the development of a new generation of undersea settlements. Technically based on experiences of prior stations there will be several new considerations concerning expandability, size and usage. All results will be open-source (except some marketing details necessary for continuous popularity) and anybody who is interested has the chance to contribute his ideas. Until the minimum financial frame is completed we will go on collecting as many information as possible, implement them to a realistic blueprint and constantly improve the final design. Ultimately the final goal is the actual building of the habitat. Continue reading “‘Project Undersea Station’ Introduction”
Longer stays in an underwater station require systems to filter out Carbon Dioxide (CO2) from the air that is exhaled by the aquanauts. These CO2 scrubbers generally consist of a fan that pulls air through a canister filled with Carbon Dioxide (CO2) adsorbent, such as Sodasorb or Sodalime. To get a rough idea about CO2 scrubbers and their prices visit the webpage of AMRON International.
So far the final draft follows the hangar shape. Having a look at the evaluation list in the ‘Structural Shape‘ chapter it seems like the ideal shape for the undersea station.
Because of the sand used as variable ballast and the space under the station the structure is easily removable by just releasing the sand. No harmful materials or items would be left behind which serves the ecological idea. Continue reading “Undersea Station Draft No.4: Hangar”