Breathing Gas Processing: Overview

Breathing Gas ProcessingUpdated 13.08.2017 (added chapter ‘sources’)

Living in an underwater habitat requires gas treatment; an input of oxygen, the disposal of carbon dioxide and pollutants, and one kind of ‘carrier’ or inert gas (nitrogen or helium). Industrial divers live in a pressure complex on a support vessel and all air treating is done outside the habitat on the vessel. It seems there are not too many references of air being treated inside an underwater habitat. If we are mistaken do not hesitate to comment this article accordingly.

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CalamarPark Deck-Shirt

The CalamarPark Deck-ShirtFor working and relaxing on deck we created this deck-shirt. We noticed that after a dive you are often shivering, while staying in the sun leads to a sunburn and the shade might be to cool. We needed a shirt that protects partially from the sun and its reflection from the water surface without keeping the summer heat in it, and still leaves the wind through its textile. We also wanted to cover our head without to be forced to wear a cap, that heats up even more and is easily forgotten on the boat. Continue reading “CalamarPark Deck-Shirt”

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Financing an undersea station

financing an undersea station

(Updated 07.06.2017; added crowdfunding, daily turnover by educational institutions and underwater archaeology) The most professional underwater habitat so far is still the Aquarius habitat in Florida. This quality comes to a certain price of $1.2 to $3 million per year. Due to budget cuts, NOAA ceased funding Aquarius habitat after September 2012, with no further missions scheduled after a July 2012 mission. It was a very exciting period having the facility on risk. It took until January 2013 when a proposal to keep Aquarius running under Florida International University administration was accepted. What could we do in future projects to avoid sooner or later close-downs by lacks of financing? Continue reading “Financing an undersea station”

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Undersea Station: Biocoil

Lloyd Godson and the Biocoil(Updated 04 April, 2017) In our undersea station one of the ways to absorb Carbon dioxide from the air and to produce oxygen instead might be beside classic scrubbers the Biocoil reactor that was first introduced by a science class of Cascade High School in the US. It looks like a quiet simple system based on Chlorella algae and it was used in Lloyd Godson’s ‘BioSub’ project in 2007.

The Biocoil and BioSUB Projects on ABC’s Behind The News (BTN):

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Underwater Station: Virtual Porthole

Virtual Porthole inside the Underwater StationHere is an idea for a porthole where the structure of the underwater station does not allow to install one. For example on the ceiling, where penetrations of the shell should be strictly avoided in order to maintain the integrity of the emergency safety area in the upper part of the living area. The Virtual Porthole would consist of a camera on the exterior of the shell and a TV flat screen on same position inside the habitat. Continue reading “Underwater Station: Virtual Porthole”

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The UW Station Forum (2007-2012)

forum-logoThe first idea for an undersea station developed in 2007 with the opening of the Underwater Station Forum on UnderwaterPromotion.com. In the following 5 years we collected nearly 250 evaluated contributions on 34 subjects. Without counting all hits of bots and search engines we had more than 200.000 interested readers. The page might have been fatally hacked, but all these contributions were not lost. We distilled them and are still publishing the summaries on CalamarPark.com since 2016. Still it is an open-source project and we ask everyone interested in the subject to contribute his ideas and comments via the comment function under each post.

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Scuba Education Book For Children

aquanautica-krakiAs an initiative of Dieter Heinz, former owner of IWM, we finished development of the Aquanautica in 2006. The educational book for children scuba courses in shallow waters has 27 pages and explains all details in a language that makes the complicated subjects easily understandable. All illustrations and layouts were made by Calamar-Park (or the former Underwater Promotion Office) while all contents were supervised and directed by Dieter Heinz who took a great part in developing children equipments for MARES/Italy.

The German version of the Aquanautica received wide appreciation by the CMAS (Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques) and was officially recommended by the Federation of Diving Centers VIT (Verband Internationaler Tauchschulen). Continue reading “Scuba Education Book For Children”

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Plants Clean Air and Water for Indoor Environments

Osmunda Regalis, Christian Fischer [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)],Back in the late ‘80s, NASA was looking for ways to detoxify the air in its space stations. So it conducted a study to determine the most effective plants for filtering the air of toxic agents and converting carbon dioxide to oxygen.See more on GOOD Magazine. Or the corresponding pdf’s:

Image: Osmunda Regalis, taken from Wikimedia, Christian Fischer [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)],

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Tektite Habitat on Wikipedia

OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP)The Tektite habitat was an underwater laboratory which was the home to divers during Tektite I and II programs. The Tektite program was the first scientists-in-the-sea program sponsored nationally. The habitat capsule was placed in Great Lameshur Bay, Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands in 1969 and again in 1970. Get all information on Wikipedia.

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Kemer Underwater Guide

UW Guide KemerIn 2007 we completed the interactive underwater guide for Kemer/Turkey including the regions Antalya City, Beldibi, Göynük, Kemer, Kiriş, Çamyuva, Tekirova (incl. the Environmental Park ‘3 Islands’) and Adrasan. The project was sponsored by ANEX Tour and Club Magic Life and used on various fairs as a promotion tool for the scuba diving tourism. By being programmed in HTML the guide was compatible with all computer systems. Continue reading “Kemer Underwater Guide”

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Diving Bell ‘Medusa’

© CalamarPark.comTogether with the popular MARES Diving Center of IWM of Dieter Heinz in Antalya/Turkey we decided in 2006 to construct a simple diving bell for touristic purposes in a depth of appr. 9m. This diving bell would serve as an advertisement carrier, sales tool and later as a decompression stop bell if successfully positioned. It should last for at least two years being removed during six winter months. As a design we wanted the construction to follow the shape of a jelly fish and to look a bit futuristic. After agreeing and drawing the final design we calculated costs of 1000 € which included the umbrella, the skeleton, the counterweights and the working force. Continue reading “Diving Bell ‘Medusa’”

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